</tbod1. Statement : A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type. Courses of Action : I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X. II. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
Option”E” is correct Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.
2.Statement : Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country. Courses of Action : I. Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected. II. Food, water and fodder should immediately be sent to all these areas to save the people and cattle.
Option”B” is correct In the break-out of a natural calamity, the basic duty of the government becomes to provide the basic amenities essential to save the lives of people and cattle. Providing financial assistance to all would put undue burden on the country’s resources. So, only II follows.
3. Statement : Since its launching in 1981, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs 153 crore. Courses of Action : I. Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare. II. An amount of about Rs 300 crore should be provided to Vayudoot to make the airliner economically viable.
Option”A” is correct Clearly, for better economic gain, losses should be reduced and income increased. So, only course I follows.
4.Statement : Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year. Courses of Action : I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended. II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.
Option”D” is correct The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.
5. Statement : A large number of people die every year due to drinking polluted water during the summer. Courses of Action : I. The government should make adequate arrangements to provide safe drinking water to all its citizens. II. The people should be educated about the dangers of drinking polluted water.
Option”E” is correct The situation demands creating awareness among people about the dangers of drinking polluted water so that they themselves refrain from the same, and at the same time taking steps to provide safe drinking water. So, both the courses follow.
6. Statement : The sale of a particular product has gone down considerably causing great concern to the company. Courses of Action : I. The company should make a proper study of rival products in the market. II. The price of the product should be reduced and quality improved.
Option”A” is correct Clearly, a study of rival products in the market will help assess the cause for the lowering down of sales and then a suitable action can be taken. Thus, only I follow.
7. Statement : The Asian Development Bank has approved a $285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts. Courses of Action : I. India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places. II. India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies.
Option”A” is correct Clearly, such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So, course I shall follow.
8. Statement : Doordarshan is concerned about the quality of its programmes particularly in view of stiff competition it is facing from STAR and other satellite TV channels and is contemplating various measures to attract talent for its programmes. Courses of Action : I. In an effort to attract talent, the Doordarshan has decided to revise its fee structure for the artists. II. The fee structure should not be revised until other electronic media also revise it.
Option”A” is correct Clearly, the decision to revise its fee structure for artists is taken by Doordarshan as a remedy to the challenging problem that had arisen before it. It cannot wait till other media take action. So, only course I follows.
9. Statement : The Minister said that the teachers are still not familiarised with the need, importance and meaning of population education in the higher education system. They are not even clearly aware about their role and responsibilities in the population education programme. Courses of Action : I. Population education programme should be included in the college curriculum. II. Orientation programme should be conducted for teachers on population education.
Option”B” is correct Clearly, the statement stresses on teachers’ lack of awareness and knowledge in population education and as such the best remedy would be to guide them in this field through orientation programmes. So, only course II follows.
10. Statement : A recent study shows that children below five die in the cities of the developing countries mainly from diarrhoea and parasitic intestinal worms. Courses of Action : I. Governments of the developing countries should take adequate measures to improve the hygienic conditions in the cities. II. Children below five years in the cities of the developing countries need to be kept under periodic medical check-up.
Option”E” is correct Clearly, the two diseases mentioned are caused by unhygienic conditions. So, improving the hygienic conditions is a step towards their eradication. Also, periodic medical check-up will help timely detection of the disease and hence a proper treatment. So, both I and II follow.
<details> <summary>Click to expand/collapse</summary> <p>Hidden Content.</p> </details> 11. Statement : The Indian electronic component industry venturing into the West European markets faces tough competition from the Japanese.Courses of Action : I. India should search for other international markets for its products. II. India should improve the quality of the electronic components to compete with the Japanese in capturing these markets.
<details> <summary>Click to expand/collapse</summary> <p>Hidden Content.</p> </details>
Option”B” is correctAn escapist’s attitude does not help much. The need is to compete and emerge successful. So, only course II follows.
12. Statement : Orissa and Andhra Pradesh have agreed in principle to set up a joint control board for better control, management and productivity of several inter-state multipurpose projects. Courses of Action : I. Other neighbouring states should set up such control boards. II. The proposed control board should not be allowed to function as such joint boards are always ineffective.
Option”A” is correct The effectiveness of such Control Boards is established by the fact that Orissa and A.P. have agreed to it for better control of its multipurpose projects. So, only course I follows.
13. Statement : The Government has decided not to provide financial support to voluntary organisations from next Five Year Plan and has communicated that all such organisations should raise funds to meet their financial needs. Courses of Action : I. Voluntary organisations should collaborate with foreign agencies. II. They should explore other sources of financial support.
Option”B” is correct The problem arising is shortage of funds. So, alternative sources of financial support need to be worked out first. Thus, only course II follows.
14. Statement : The availability of imported fruits has increased in the indigenous market and so the demand for indigenous fruits has been decreased. Courses of Action : I. To help the indigenous producers of fruits, the Government should impose high import duty on these fruits, even if these are not of good quality. II. The fruit vendors should stop selling imported fruits. So that the demand for indigenous fruits would be increased.
Option”D” is correct The ideas suggested in both I and II represent unfair means to cut competition. The correct way would be to devise methods and techniques such that the indigenous producers could produce better quality fruits and make them available in the market at prices comparable with those of the imported ones. Hence, neither I nor II follows.
15. Statement : There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of successful candidates in this year’s School Leaving Certificate Examination. Courses of Action : I. The government should make arrangements to increase number of seats of intermediate courses in existing colleges. II. The government should take active steps to open new colleges to accommodate all these successful candidates.
Option”A” is correct The increase may not be a permanent one. So, it’s better not to open new colleges but increase seats in the existing colleges. So, only I follow.
16. Statement : A large number of engineering graduates in the country are not in a position to have gainful employment at present and the number of such engineers is likely to grow in the future. Courses of Action : I. The government should launch attractive employment generation schemes and encourage these graduates to opt for such schemes to use their expertise and knowledge effectively. II. This happened due to proliferation of engineering colleges in the country and thereby lowered the quality of the engineering graduates. Those colleges which are not equipped to impart quality education should be closed down.
Option”B” is correct The emphasis should be not on the Government putting all the engineering graduates to jobs but on the colleges producing not ‘degree-holders’ but real technical minds which could compete well for gainful employment. So, only course II follows.
17. Statement : Every year, at the beginning or at the end of the monsoons, we have some cases of conjunctivitis, but this year, it seems to be a major epidemic, witnessed after nearly four years. Courses of Action : I. Precautionary measures should be taken after every four years to check this epidemic. II. People should be advised to drink boiled water during rainy season.
Option”B” is correct The disease occurs at the end of monsoons every year. So, precautionary measures every four years shall not help. The second course of action shall be a preventive measure. So, only course II follows.
18. Statement : Every year large number of devotees dies due to severe cold on their way to the shrine located at the top of the mountain range. Courses of Action : I. The devotees should be discouraged to visit the shrine without having proper warm clothes and other amenities. II. The government should provide warm clothes and shelter to all the devotees visiting the shrine.
Option”A” is correct Clearly, the problem can be solved by warning the devotees of the excessive cold at the shrine. So, only I follow.
19. Statement : There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of requests for berths in most of the long distance trains during the current holiday season. Courses of Action : I. The railway authority should immediately increase the capacity in each of these trains by attaching additional coaches. II. The people seeking accommodation should be advised to make their travel plan after the holiday.
Option”A” is correct People cannot be deprived of going to a certain destination merely for lack of berths. Instead it is the duty of the railway authority to accommodate all the bookings by all means. So, only I follows.
20. Statement : The Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the Parliament. Courses of Action : I. The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister. II. The resignation should not be accepted.
Option”B” is correct Clearly, an already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So, course II follows.

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